23/02/2024

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Ionian Islands, Greece – the Ultimate Guide for First-Time Visitors

12 min read
Ionian Islands, Greece – the Ultimate Guide for First-Time Visitors

Ah, Greece! This captivating country that boasts so much history, culture, and natural beauty. Like so many others before us we fell in love with it right from the start. So much so, that soon after our road trip in the Peloponnese we went back to visit the islands in the Ionian Sea.

Limnionas Beach on Zakynthos
Limnional Bach in Zakynthos

This was one of the most successful vacations we ever had, but it took us months to prepare for it. So upon our return, we decided to put together a guide that will provide a lot of useful information for those interested in visiting these islands. So, if you are planning a trip to this region, here is what you need to know about it.

Where Are the Ionian Islands

The Ionian Islands – also known as the “Eptanisa” in Greek – are a mesmerizing archipelago located along the western coast of mainland Greece. Consisting of seven main islands and numerous smaller islets, this group forms a stunning cluster in the crystal-clear waters of the Ionian Sea.

Ionian Islands map with ferry ports
Map of the Ionian Islands in Greece

The best known and most visited Ionian Islands are: Corfu, Zakynthos, Kefalonia, and Lefkada. The less famous, but equally beautiful are the islands of Ithaca, Paxos and Kythira.

All these islands are renowned for their natural beauty, rich history and interesting culture. What they all have in common are idillic beaches with golden sand and turquoise waters, lush green vegetation, ancient ruins and fantastic local cuisines. However, each island possesses its own distinctive charm, personality and allure which is why visiting each one will be a very different experience.

Porto Katsiki Beach
Visiting Lefkada

How Do the Ionians Differ from the Other Greek Islands

When you think of the Greek islands, most likely the Cyclades first come to mind. The white washed houses with blue window frames, the cobblestone streets and the windmills became almost a symbol of the Greek islands. But although both groups are amazing, they couldn’t be more contrasting.

Architectural landscape of the Cyclades
Architectural landscape of the Cyclades

The Cyclades not only have a very different architectural style than the Ionian Islands, but they also have a much drier climate and therefore less vegetation. In contrast, the Ionians feature a much greener landscape, which in contrast with the cobalt-blue waters makes them look flawless!

Green landscape and blue sea, characteristic for the Ionian Islands
Green landscape characteristic for the Ionian Islands

Another considerable difference is fact that the Ionian Islands have a strong connection to Italy, both historically and culturally. This is particularly visible in Corfu town which has a very distinct Venetian flair.

architecture in Old Town Corfu
Architecture in Old Town Corfu

Also, these islands are generally larger than the Dodecanese or the Cyclades, so you can easily spend 7-8 days on each one.

How to Reach the Ionian Islands in Greece

Ionians are great and very diverse islands, but are not very easy for island hopping. Connecting among them sometimes requires returning on the mainland and traveling to a different port. They are however easily accessed by plane, unlike the Cyclades which require a stop in Athens and a ferry crossing in the Aegean.

Aegean plane

There are direct flights from many European capitals to Zakynthos, Kefalonia and Corfu. But if you want to reach the smaller islands like Paxos or Ithaca, you’ll need to fly to the nearest large island and get a ferry connection.   

The Ionian Islands can also be accessed by ferry from mainland Greece. There are several ports on the western coast of Greece, like Patras, Kyllini, and Igoumenitsa. From Kyllini you can get to the island of Zakynthos, or to the town of Poros, on Kefalonia. The ferry ride takes approximately 1.5 hours.

ferry crossing in the Ionian Islands
Ferry crossing in the Ionian Islands

From the port of Igoumenitsa which is farther north, you have ferries that go to Corfu. The rides can take anywhere from 45 minutes to 1.5 hours, depending on the type of ferry you choose (hydrofoil, or regular ferry).

image of Levante ferry line
Levante Ferry line

There are also ferry routes from the port of Patras to the town of Sami in Kefalonia, or to the port of Pisaetos on Ithaca. However, these ride takes longer (about 3.5 hours to Sami, or 4 hours to Pisaetos), so they are not a convenient option. 

NOTE: There are no passenger ferries departing from Athens.

The Best Time to Visit the Islands

The peak season in the Ionian Islands is in summer: June, July and August. This is when you’ll get almost permanent sunshine and virtually no rainfall. But this is also the busiest and hottest time of the year, when temperatures can reach 100ºF (39-40ºC).

If you are looking for good weather to do some hiking in the mountains of Lefkada or Corfu, spring is your best bet. From April till the end of May there is less risk of storms and the temperatures are pleasant for walking and sunbathing. However, the water is not warm enough for swimming. Until June the average sea temperature is 65ºF (18ºC), which may seem cold to some people.

image depicting wild flowers
Spring in the Ionian Islands

Autumn on the other hand offers the best of all worlds. Temperatures are still warm, prices are lower, and the herds of tourists are gone. People who travel regularly to Greece consider the period between mid September to mid October the ideal time for visiting the Ionian Islands. At the beginning of October you can expect daily highs up to 82ºF (28ºC) and 10-11 hours of daylight per day.

beach weather in the ionian islands in the fall
The water is warm enough for swimming in the fall

Although it is considered the shoulder season, fall in Greece feels more like an “Indian Summer. It’s a period of abnormally warm weather with clear skies and cool nights. The sun is still shining and the sea is pleasantly warm for swimming. Even though you mai expect some rain, the average rainfall in October doesn’t exceed 5-6 days in Greece.

How to Move Around When Visiting the Ionian Islands

By Car

The most efficient way to visit the islands is obviously by car. There are car rental agencies on each island. But if you plan to do some island hopping, it’s cheaper to rent a car and keep for the entire trip duration. Then move between the islands by ferry.

driving in a small village in Ithaka
Driving in a small village on the island of Ithaca

By Scooters/Motorcycles/Quads

Another option is to use scooters, motorcycles, or quads. The minimum age to rent a scooter in Greece is 18 years. You’ll also have to possess a valid driving license and an International Driving Permit certifying the categories of vehicles you’re allowed to drive. 

imagine depicting quads for rent
Quads for rent in Greece

The vast majority of ental companies will only lease you a vehicle if your driving license includes one of the following categories: AM, A1 or A. These qualify you to drive mopeds/scooters and light motorcycles and quads, most commonly between 50 to 125 cc.

How is Driving in the Ionian Islands?

Driving on the Ionian Islands is more difficult than driving on the mainland, where you have toll roads and motorways. While the major roads are fine on the islands, you’ll also have to drive on many rural roads. These are sometimes winding, steep, and narrow. That’s especially true in the mountains, where you’ll come across sharp turns with blind spots.

driving on a narrow road in Corfu island
Driving on a narrow road in Corfu

Another problem you may encountered is with Google Maps. For us, the app worked great most of the time. However, because it tends to choose the shortest routes, it often took us on poorly maintained roads. Eventually we would get to wherever we needed to get, but with difficulty!

The risk of accidents is pretty high in the Ionian Islands, so if you are renting a car make sure your contract includes a Collision Damage Waiver. If it doesn’t, it’s worth paying the extra money to buy one.

By Public Transportation

If you don’t want to drive, you can use public transportation (local busses, taxies, private transfers, or organized tours).

Bus

All the Ionian Islands have a KTEL public bus system. The busses include routes to the most touristy destinations on the islands. You can buy your ticket before departure at the bus stations, or at the small kiosks next to the main stops.

Cabs

You can also use taxies to get from one place to another. Cab fares on the islands are much lower than elsewhere in Europe and are normally set by the government. That means that each trip has a fixed rate based on mileage. As a result, it’s not unusual for the cab driver to stop and get more passengers if there is room in the car.

Organized Tours

If you prefer to explore the islands with the help of an experienced local guide, you’ll have plenty of tours to choose from. Each island offers its own tailored tours, so you can look for the local tourist booths or choose something online.

Best Islands to Visit in the Ionian Sea

Ideally you should visit all the Ionian Sea islands as each one of them offers a different experience. After spending almost a month moving between these islands, we believe the ones listed below capture the essence of this region. So here is what you can expect when visiting them.

Zakynthos (Zante)

Zakynthos is the southernmost of the Ionian Islands. That is if you exclude Kythira, which is even farther south, opposite the south-eastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula. After Corfu, Zante (as the locals call it) is undoubtedly the most visited island of the archipelago.

the Blue Caves in Zakynthos
The Blue Caves in Zakynthos

It’s a very exotic place with rugged white cliffs covered in vegetation and incredibly picturesque beaches. A true paradise for snorkeling and scuba diving. There is a reason why the Venetians called it “the Flower of the East!”

From ancient ruins, castles, churches and monasteries, to natural parks and caves you’ll find a wealth of attractions on Zakynthos.

Shipwreck beach
“Shipwreck” Beach

But the two sites that made this island famous are the Blue Caves and Navajo Beach, also known as the “Shipwreck Cove.” Both these places can be visited on a boat tour.

Kefalonia (Cephalonia)

Kefalonia sits right between Lefkada and Zakynthos and has regular ferry links to both of those islands. With its exotic beaches, magical underground caves and green forests, this island is a favorite among nature lovers.

Kefalonia Island
Kefalonia Island

Because it’s the largest of all the Ionian Islands it never looks too crowded, not even in summer. There is always enough room to stretch out on the beach, or find an empty table at the village taverna.

Largely unspoiled by overdeveloped tourism, Cephalonia will give you a sense of peace and tranquility. Life here has a slower and calmer pace. People make a living by raising goats, growing crops, or looking after their olive trees. All over the island you’ll find small family-run cafés that lure you in with their local dishes.

Sadly, the 1953 earthquake destroyed nearly all the buildings on the island. Even the church bell towers were destroyed. Since then Kefalonia has been rebuilt, but the beauty of the original buildings was lost in the rebuilding. Only a handful of villages like Assos and Fiskardo survived. They are the only ones that still maintain the authentic character of old Kefalonia.

Kefalonia has plenty of attractions, from Mycenaean tombs, Byzantine ruins and Venetian castles, to unspoiled beaches and fantastic caves. The most famous are Drogarati Cave and Lake of Melissani Cave.

Melissani Cave
Melissani Cave

But one of the island’s most recognizable landmarks is De Bosset Bridge in Argostoli, that connects the capital town to the opposite mainland of Kefalonia. This pedestrian bridge is the largest stone bridge ever constructed on a seawater body.

Ithaca (Ithaki)

Ithaca is just a 45-minute ferry ride from Kefalonia. With its hidden coves, tall mountains and ancient ruins, Ithaca is a much smaller version of its nextdoor neighbor. It is also much quieter and totally unspoiled. An amazing place to visit if you are looking for a more relaxing holiday, away from the busy nightlife of the other islands.

Ithaca was home to one of the most famous Greek heroes, Odysseus (Ulysses) of Homer’s epic poem The Odyssey. But apart from its mythical fame, the island has incredible natural beauty. It is covered with lush green vegetation and surrounded by exotic beaches with emerald green waters.

Sarakiniko Beach in Ithaca
Sarakiniko Beach in Ithaca

Although not as popular as the other Ionian Islands, Ithaca has a particular charm that makes you fall in love with it right from the start. It looks more authentic and laid back than the other islands, with well preserved villages scattered along the coase and on the slopes of the mountains.

There is plenty to see and do in Ithaki, but since the island is not very big most people visit it as a day trip from Kefalonia, like we did. However, once you discover its charm you realize that one day is not enough for this natural paradise!

image of Vathi, Ithaca
Souvenir shop in Vathi, Ithaca

The island’s most beautiful town is Vathi, an old settlement with a pronounced Venetian character. The town has pretty houses with tiled roofs, imposing mansions and picturesque stone-paved alleys.

Lefkada (Lefkas)

Located between Corfu and Kefalonia, Lefkada is the only island in the Ionian Sea that is connected to the mainland by a bridge. Because it’s accessible by car, Lefkada sees more visitors per year than the other islands.

The island is also a big hub for those coming to pick up their yachts and sail around the Ionian Sea. Nydri, Lefkada’s main port, looks more like a forest of masts with hundreds of sailboats docked next to each other.

Yachts docked in the port of Nydri, Lefkada
Yachts docked in the port of Nydri, Lefkada

Like all the other Ionian Islands, Lefkada has impressive scenery, lots of vegetation, picturesque villages, churches and monasteries. Unfortunately its popularity makes it look very crowded, especially around Nydri where many charter flights from the UK land.

Porto Katsiki Beach in Lefkada
Porto Katsiki Beach on the Island of Lefkada, Greece

From our experience Lefkada (Lefkas) has many different “faces,” depending where you go. So if you want less crowds and pristine beaches, you should head to the northern or southern part of the island, to towns like Vasiliki and Agios Nikitas.

Corfu (Kerkyra)

Corfu is a long way north of the other Ionian Islands and thus more difficult to connect to. Reaching it would involve a lengthy trip both on land and by ferry.

Corfu Old Fortress
Corfu Old Fortress

Nonetheless, the island has a lot going for it: golden beaches with crystal clear waters, enchanting pine forests, old churches and monasteries, and even Byzantine and Venetian castles. Corfu is a traveler’s paradise that caters to a wide variety of visitors, from beach and nature lovers to city wanderers.

Paleokastritsa Beach in Corfu
Paleokastritsa beach in Corfu

What makes Corfu very different from the other Ionian Islands is its architecture, which looks more Italian than Greek. That’s the result of 400 years of Venetian occupation after Corfu was separated from the Roman and Byzantine Empires.

Corfu town in the evening
Corfu town in the evening

Corfu is undoubtedly one of the most beautiful and famous islands in Greece. The island has a reputation for being over touristy, especially after serving as the filming location of the popular TV series “The Durrells in Corfu.” But while there are indeed busy and overdeveloped areas (like Corfu town, Sidary, or Kavos), you can still avoid them by heading to the interior of the island.

A Final Word

So which is the best of the Ionian Islands? What island(s) to choose and what island(s) to leave out?

We were lucky to have been able to visit five of these amazing Greek islands, but choosing between them would be really difficult. They are all amazing and yet so different from each other!

However, if I were to select only three of these islands for a family trip to Greece, I would probably choose Corfu, Kefalonia and Zakynthos. In my opinion, these three offer a combination of incredible natural beauty and unique cultural heritage. Visiting them creates an everlasting attraction that will leave you longing for more.

guide to the ionian islands in greece

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